High-performance graphene nanotube batteries for EVs
The automotive industry is switching from ICE-driven cars to EVs, and the key element of EVs is Li-ion batteries. The auto industry has long been searching for the technology to drive a new generation of Li-ion batteries.
Graphene nanotubes—the solution to key battery problems
TUBALL™ graphene nanotubes (also known as single wall carbon nanotubes) are the solution to the major technological challenge of improving lithium-ion battery parameters such as energy density, charge rate, service life, and cost.
TUBALL™ unlocks mass production of silicon anodes
There is a fundamental and hitherto unresolved problem with silicon expansion during battery charging and discharging, which leads to cracking and loss of contact between the silicon material particles.
TUBALL™ graphene nanotubes are the only material today that creates long, flexible, conductive, strong bridges to keep silicon anode particles well connected to each other even during severe volume expansion and cracking.
This prevents the anode from going out of service—the hugely improved service life is enough to meet even the strictest EV manufacturer requirements.
TUBALL™ networks increase silicon-based anode cycle life by up to 4 times
Leading Li-ion manufacturers have proven that TUBALL™ nanotubes make it possible today to create anodes with 20% SiO inside and thus reach record-breaking battery energy densities—up to 300 Wh/kg and 800 Wh/l. Such battery cells can deliver up to +15% higher range than the best Li-ion battery cells on the market.
OCSiAl’s R&D team’s results show that TUBALL™ makes it possible to increase the SiO content in the anode to up to 90%, resulting in an energy density of 350 Wh/kg.
TUBALL™ in cathodes improves key battery parameters
Thanks to their unique intrinsic properties, graphene nanotubes outperform alternatives and offer substantial Li-ion battery performance improvements in terms of energy density, safety, discharge power, and adhesion.
Such performance improvements for Li-ion battery cathodes cannot be demonstrated by traditional conductive materials, such as carbon black or multi wall carbon nanotubes.
High areal capacity battery electrodes enabled by segregated nanotube networks
High thickness and specific capacity leads to areal capacities of up to 45 and 30 mAh cm−2 for anodes and cathodes, respectively. Combining optimized composite anodes and cathodes yields full cells with state-of-the-art areal capacities (29 mAh cm−2) and specific/volumetric energies (480 Wh kg−1 and 1,600 Wh l−1).
Rational design of a high-energy NCA cathode for Li-ion batteries
Replacing Denka black with SWCNT allows to reduce the carbon content to 0.2 wt% to further increase the energy density, and 2 wt% of PVDF was shown to benefit the cycling stability due to the mitigated PVDF-induced side reactions from its direct contact with NCA particles.